The two US Citizen As challenged the R’s decision to deny them entry to the UK. The R argued that their exclusion was conducive to the public good. The As’ planned visit followed the murder of Drummer Lee Rigby and their potentially Islamophobic views might undermine community cohesion and provoke serious violence. The court held that it was entitled to attach special weight to the assessment of the R as to whether a restriction on freedom of expression was necessary in order to prevent public disorder. Permission to apply for JR refused.